A radicalised army cadre that still harps on perceived unfair discrimination by one US senator two decades back is only living in denial.
There’s not a Pakistani junior officer that doesn’t know who former Senator Pressler is, and there’s not a junior officer in the U.S. military that knows who Senator Pressler is. ~Admiral Mike Mullen
Admiral Mullen said he was stunned in early 2008 when he was invited to speak to a group of 30 Pakistani war college students at the US embassy in Islamabad. The majority of the questions were about Pressler amendment, which was passed before most of the students were even born.
He was referring to 1985 legislation sponsored by former Senator Larry Pressler, South Dakota Republican, which banned most economic and military aid to Pakistan unless the U.S. president certified, on an annual basis, that Pakistan did not possess a nuclear explosive device. The so-called “Pressler Amendment” also required U.S. aid to be significantly reduced if Pakistan tried to attain nuclear weapons.
In October 1990, then-President George H.W. Bush could not make the certification when it became apparent that Pakistan was pursuing nuclear weapons. As a result, the United States withheld $1.2 billion worth of military equipment already purchased by Pakistan. Relations plummeted as the administration considered having Pakistan designated as a state sponsor of terrorism. More sanctions were imposed when U.S. officials asserted that Pakistan was receiving missile technology from China.[Washington Times]
Pressler amendment was surpassed by other legislations of the US senate in 1995. Pakistan became a declared nuclear weapons state in 1998. It created Taliban in the 1990s and placed them in control of Afghanistan which eventually provided strength to al Qaeda. The Islamisation of its society, rise of fundamentalism in its army, lack of a democratic tradition in its polity, a crumbling economy and institutionalised support to jehadi terrorism have made Pakistan a failing state today. To blame its failures on an ex-Senator instead is not only doltish and inordinately naive of the officer cadre, but ample proof of their state of denial.